Persons with disabilities and climate change in Nepal: Humanitarian impacts and pathways for inclusive climate action

M'Vouama, J., Hossain, M., Sutter, S. and Ghimire, M.
Publication language
Date published
01 Jan 2023
Rapid Learning Review
Disability, Environment & climate, humanitarian action, Inclusion

The report looks at how persons with disabilities in Nepal understand and perceive climate change, what is their experience of dealing with climate extremes, what is the impact on their health, livelihoods and support system, and their actual level of inclusion in climate adaptation planning. To capture those perspectives, HI surveyed 388 persons with disabilities across Nepal’s 7 provinces, consulted 20 key informants from the disability movement, government institutions, and the aid sector, and conducted 8 targeted focus group discussions to hear from women, youth, and persons representing diverse disability types.

Some of the key findings from the report include:

  • While perceived as a complex issue and not understanding its scientific concept, survey respondents report being increasingly aware of climate change through daily observations and directly experiencing the major disruptions it causes. It can generate additional stress and anxiety, especially regarding their health and livelihoods.
  • As climate-induced disasters are on the rise, reinforced efforts engaging persons with disabilities are critical to develop multi-channel early warning systems that will flow alert information in a way that is inclusive of people’s diverse needs.
  • Persons with disabilities are a uniquely vulnerable population to climate-induced disasters, which are particularly life threatening for them.
  • Inclusive social protection systems can play a key role in improving economic conditions and climate resilience.